CRAFTS OF INDIA / BAGRU / FEATURES
- It is only after the fabric is processed with an acid wash that the final color is established. Beautiful greens and pinks are possible with indigo sol colors but
- Pigment colors are more popular today because the process is simple, the mixed colors can be stored for a period of time, subtle nuances of colors are possible, and new shades evolve with the mixing of two or three colors.
- Also the colors are visible as one prints and do not change after processing. Colors can be tested before printing by merely applying it on the fabric.
- The pigment color is made up of tiny particles, which do not dissolve entirely and hence are deposited on the cloth surface while rapid dyes and indigo sols penetrate the cloth.
- Pigment colors are mixed with kerosene and a binder. The consistency should be just right, for if it is too thick it gives a raised effect on the material, which spoils the design. Small plastic buckets with lids are ideal for storing the mixed colors over a few days.
- Fabrics are dried out in the sun after the pigment printing as part of the fixing process. They are rolled in wads of newspapers to prevent the dye from adhering to other layers and steamed in boilers constructed for the purpose.
- Silks are also steamed this way after printing. After steaming, the material is washed thoroughly in large quantities of water and dried in the sun, after which it is finished by ironing out single layers, which fix the color permanently.
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