Capital city of Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow is a mix of the traditional and the modern, a multicultural city that is an important centre of government, education, commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music and poetry. It is bounded by Barabanki district on the East, Unnao district on the West, Rae Bareli on the south and Sitapur in the North. Lying on the banks of the river Gomti, lucknow is steeped in a rich history of several rules. Hindi and Urdu are primarily spoken and it is said that it has the highest population of Shia Muslims in India.
Lucknow incidentally following a fine tradition of embroidery since Mughal times, the exquisite Chikankari, is the hub for beautiful cotton sarees and other fabrics with extraordinary thread work adornments.
Historically, Lucknow had always remained the seat of power or the capital city. Capital of Awadh it was controlled by the Delhi Sultanate in the Mughal period. Later it was transferred to the Nawabs of Awadh. When the East India Company under Robert Clive overthrew the Nawabs of Bengal, Awadh and the Mughal rulers, Lucknow came into their hands until the Freedom Movement began and India gained independence in 1947, when like many other kingdoms under the British, Lucknow also came under Free India.