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WEAVER'S WORLD / DHARMAVARAM / TEXTILES -2
DHARMAVARAM
Speciality of the Dharmavaram Cotton Saree

Dharmavaram cotton sarees have simple, plain borders without much contrast. Generally these sarees have broad golden borders, heavy zari works with big designs and traditional elegant pallu. The borders have butta or buttis adorning them while the pallus of the saris have special designs. Dharmavaram handloom cotton sarees have very durable colors.

The making of a Dharmavaram saree

Dharmavaram Sarees are traditionally woven in the interlocked-weft technique. Pure silk versions of Dharmavaram sarees are also available. The design required on the saree is initially drawn in a computer and then this is punched into a card and then these cards are loaded in Jacard in the loom. First the yarn is loaded as warp and then loaded into the loom. The weavers use their hands and legs to weave the Saree. It requires approximately 4-8 days (depending on the variety of saree) of continuous efforts of two persons for weaving a saree.

The process of manufacturing a Dharmavaram Saree starts with dyeing the silk / cotton yarn. Dyeing is the coloring process by dipping the yarn in the boiled color water in very high temperature durability of colour is also higher, making sure that the color is spread uniformly throughout the yarn and it doesn't affect the quality of the yarn. The coloring process is a very crucial step in getting a good saree. The colours are applied as per the specifications of the designers and also some times as per the orders from customers who orders for a designer Saree.

After coloring the silk yarn is dried in shade. Drying yarn in sun can be harmful to yarn. After the silk yarn is dried, it is rolled over small sticks. After dyeing and drying the yarn it is converted to thread and is loaded as warp and then it is loaded into the loom for actual weaving.