Bagru a small town situated 32 kms south-west of Jaipur, capital city of Rajasthan, is famous for its traditional hand block printed fabrics. A unique craft in block printing, Bagru has its own distinct character and historically it was once produced exclusively for royalty and offerings in temples. This traditional art despite the passage of time has retained its original character and is less influenced by the popular market and advent of the cheaper power loom products.
Wooden Hand Blocks are blocks of wood with holding grips on one side and a flat smooth surface or pressing side with design engraved on it on the other. Designs engraved are transferred to the fabric by filling colours in the etched cavities and giving a sharp hit to the pressed block on the cloth.
Hand Block Printing using natural colours is done mostly on fabrics such as sarees, quilts, bed covers, though pillow covers, turbans and other smaller items of cloth are also taken up. Themes are generally floral prints, geometrical shapes etc.
Bagru prints are done on off-white, ivory white or beige background sarees. Motifs of circular designs, flowers, fruits, birds create allure on fabrics like crepe, georgette, chiffon, silk, cotton. Exotic Bagru prints are quite popular on south handloom cotton saris woven with zari borders.